Milan Italy History
Milano Centrale railway station is one of the most notable examples, attracting many visitors to the historic centre of Milan, which is part of a network of railway stations connecting the two major cities of the city, Milan and Rome. To be fair, it was bombed during World War II, but the imposing architecture is still influenced by Mussolini's fascist regime and has also had a significant influence on the design of many of Italy's most famous buildings.
From 1266 onwards, the territory was constantly in competition between civil and religious powers, and Otto of Germany invaded the Kingdom of Italy, to which Milan belonged, conquered Milan and established Otto I Germany in the following centuries. Austria's power was restored in January 1802, when Napoleon became president of the Republic of Italy and crowned himself king of all Italy (which only applied to the part of northern and eastern Italy as it is known today).
In the same year, the Austrians left Milan and the surrounding region (also known as Insubria or Lombardy) became part of the Holy Roman Empire. The city of Lombardy was annexed to the Kingdom of Sardinia, but the city itself and the surrounding regions (and Milan itself) were annexed to Italy in 1802. In 1804, Milan, along with the rest of Lombardy, was reincorporated into the Kingdom of Italy, which soon gained control of most of Italy and was renamed the Kingdom of Italy in 1861.
Milan was immediately elected the economic and cultural capital of Italy and has maintained this title until modern times. Although Milan has always been considered the capital of the Kingdom of Lombardy and the second largest city in Italy after Rome, the capitals of all Italy were moved to Florence in 1804. Milan was immediately chosen as the economic and cultural capital of Italy and chose the seat of government in Rome.
Milan is very central because it is in the heart of Lombardy, an area that has been fought over recently. Milan has many other cities in Italy that dominate, such as Florence, Rome, Milan, Parma, Bologna, Naples and Rome. Walking through the city, you cannot miss the spire that makes the Milan Cathedral the symbol of a city in Milan. There are a large number of churches, many of which are dominated by the Roman Catholic Church, the most important religious institution in Italy.
At the beginning of the First World War, more than half of Italy was industrialized, and the Milan-Turin-Genoa triangle was booming. Northern Italy and northern central Italy were divided into a series of warring cities - states, the most powerful of which was the Duchy of Milan, which annexed the nearby territories, including Pavia and Parma. In 1406 Florence conquered Pisa, Venice Padua and Verona and in 1412 Milan and Bologna were annexed.
During the Second World War, a quarter of a million Italians migrated to Milan from southern Sicily. Jewish life in Milan was quite limited compared to other cities in Italy and Europe. Population declined as Milanese moved to the smaller cities around Milan and commuted to their jobs outside Milan on Italy's extensive rail network. It was only in the 13th century, when the Jewish community in northern Italy grew and recovered, that the community in Milan was able to recover.
Italy's political unification cemented Milan's commercial dominance in northern Italy and led to a railway construction that turned Milan into the rail hub of northern Italy. Milan and large parts of Lombardy prospered, and Milan became the capital of a large part of northern Italy, which had already been conquered and influenced by its trade at that time. The Po Valley was dominated by the city of Milan, the largest city in Italy with over 1.5 million inhabitants.
This shows how prosperous the economy was and how important Milan became compared to other northern Italian cities. Today Milan is the financial capital of Italy and has one of the largest financial institutions in the world and the second largest bank in Italy.
Milan is thought to be a busy catwalk for hip activities and success, but while it manages to preserve its historical heritage, it has taken on the role of proudly presenting itself as Italy's financial, fashion and business capital. The fanatically supported football team and their success in the Champions League mean that it is contemporary and dynamic.
The birth of the Italian Renaissance was inspired and encouraged by the city of Milan and its rich history of cultural and economic development. Byzantine scholars emigrated to Italy after the fall of Rome in the 14th century and the rise of Florence, Venice and Rome. They were also able to launch a new linguistic study of the Renaissance through the newly created academies in Florence and Venice. The fashion industry began to move to Milan, and soon the dynasty came to the fore, which would make Milan one of the leading cities in Italy in the fields of fashion, art, music and economy.